Case Report

An illustration of ocular toxoplasmosis with consequent lenticular opacities and asteroid hyalosis

Dimakatso G. Mashala
African Vision and Eye Health | Vol 81, No 1 | a765 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/aveh.v81i1.765 | © 2022 Dimakatso G. Mashala | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 29 March 2022 | Published: 30 September 2022

About the author(s)

Dimakatso G. Mashala, Department of Optometry, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Limpopo, Polokwane, South Africa


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Abstract

Inactive ocular toxoplasmosis (OT) is not confined to immunocompromised patients but is also common in immunocompetent patients. It could result in a loss of vision, asteroid hyalosis, lenticular opacity and peripheral chorioretinal scar. More often than not, misdiagnosing the lesion may occur because of the lack of presenting symptoms. Therefore, this article aims to highlight OT and its consequences, emphasising the approach that must be followed to diagnose and manage the disease optimally. This case report is about a 24-year-old woman who had blurred vision in her left eye from the age of 9 years. After dilation for fundus examination and taking the patient for retinal imaging, the fundus showed a clearly defined pigmented chorioretinal scar on the temporal side of the macula.

Contribution: As the disease has the ability for retinal complications, documenting any progressive developments of the disease is essential to manage the patient better.


Keywords

Ocular toxoplasmosis; asteroid hyalosis; lens opacity; dilation; Toxoplasma gondii

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