Original Research

Post-destructive eye surgery, associated depression at Sekuru Kaguvi Hospital Eye Unit, Zimbabwe: Pilot Study

M. M. Kawome, R. Masanganise
African Vision and Eye Health | South African Optometrist: Vol 72, No 2 | a48 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/aveh.v72i2.48 | © 2013 M. M. Kawome, R. Masanganise | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 04 December 2013 | Published: 08 December 2013

About the author(s)

M. M. Kawome, (MBChB), DipOphthalmol, Registrar, South Africa
R. Masanganise, (FRCOphthalmol), Associate Professor, South Africa

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Destructive eye surgery is associated with more complications than just loss of visual functions of the eye and aesthetics. Currently
there is very little published literature on post-destructive eye surgery associated depression. Zimbabwe has been experiencing a surge in the rate of destructive eye surgery done at the National Tertiary Eye Unit. This situation could be churning out lots of unrecognized depressed clients into the community who require assistance in one form or another.

Objectives: To determine the prevalence of post-destructive eye surgery associated depression among patients attending Sekuru Kaguvi Hospital Eye Unit and assess if the current management
protocol of patients undergoing destructive eye surgery at the Eye Unit addresses the problem adequately.

Methods: A cross-sectional study of 28 randomly selected patients who had destructive eye surgeries at Sekuru Kaguvi Hospital was conducted over five months from 1st March 2012 to end of July 2012. A structured questionnaire containing 15 questions on the following items: gender, age, diagnosis, surgical procedure done, expectations before and after surgery, adequacy of counseling given and involvement of family was used to collect data. Nine questions to assess depression were adapted from the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9).

Setting:  The study was conducted at SekuruKaguvi Hospital Eye Unit, Parirenyatwa Group of Hospitals in Harare.

Results:  Twenty-eight patients who underwent destructive eye surgery during the study period were selected using systematic random sampling. The gender ratio was 1:1 and the mean age was
38.7 years with a range from 24 to 65 years. Fifty percent of the patients in the study had orbital exenteration while the rest had enucleation (14%) and evisceration (36%). Twenty-eight percent of
the study population had depression.

Conclusion: Destructive eye surgery is frequently associated with depression and our current management protocol of patients undergoing destructive eye surgery does not address this


Depression, enucleation, evisceration; exenteration; destructive eye surgery


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