Original Research

Knowledge of diabetes mellitus and its ocular complications amongst diabetic patients attending private and public hospitals in eThekwini Municipality, KwaZulu-Natal province, South Africa

Diane van Staden, Luke P. Deutshmann, Sameer Ganas, Maxine Manickam, Amishka Manillal, Nonjabulo S. Ndlovu, N. Gugu Nkosi, Olalekan A. Oduntan
African Vision and Eye Health | Vol 74, No 1 | a36 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/aveh.v74i1.36 | © 2015 Diane van Staden, Luke P. Deutshmann, Sameer Ganas, Maxine Manickam, Amishka Manillal, Nonjabulo S. Ndlovu, N. Gugu Nkosi, Olalekan A. Oduntan | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 24 November 2014 | Published: 17 September 2015

About the author(s)

Diane van Staden, Discipline of Optometry, School of Health Sciences, University of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa
Luke P. Deutshmann, Discipline of Optometry, School of Health Sciences, University of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa
Sameer Ganas, Discipline of Optometry, School of Health Sciences, University of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa
Maxine Manickam, Discipline of Optometry, School of Health Sciences, University of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa
Amishka Manillal, Discipline of Optometry, School of Health Sciences, University of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa
Nonjabulo S. Ndlovu, Discipline of Optometry, School of Health Sciences, University of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa
N. Gugu Nkosi, Discipline of Optometry, School of Health Sciences, University of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa
Olalekan A. Oduntan, Discipline of Optometry, School of Health Sciences, University of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa


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Abstract

Background: The prevalence of Diabetes Mellitus (DM) is increasing in South Africa as a result of changes in lifestyles and rising levels of obesity. Knowledge of management protocols for DM may empower patients to better control the disease and prevent secondary complications.

Aim: The aim of this study was to determine if there was a difference in the level of knowledge of DM and its ocular complications amongst public and private hospital diabetic patients.

Setting: The study was conducted in four private and four public hospitals in the eThekwini Municipality, KwaZulu-Natal Province.

Methods: A cross-sectional survey method was used to collect data from diabetic patients attending selected hospitals. Convenience sampling was used and analysis of descriptive and correlation statistics was done using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 21.

Results: Participants (N = 370) consisted of 44% males and 56% females with 41.6% being from private and 58.4% from public hospitals. The ages of participants ranged from 20 to 79 years. Although most of the participants (74.8%) were knowledgeable about DM and its management, private sector patients were more knowledgeable about DM management than were public sector patients (p = 0.000). Furthermore, private patients had better knowledge of ocular complications related to DM (p = 0.000). Those (74%) who had previously attended a diabetic seminar had significantly better knowledge than those who had not (p = 0.000).

Conclusion: Patients with DM attending public hospitals will benefit from targeted education campaigns or seminars related to diabetes and its complications.


Keywords

diabetes; ocular complications of diabetes

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Crossref Citations

1. Knowledge and Awareness of Oral Manifestations of Diabetes Mellitus and Oral Health Assessment among Diabetes Mellitus Patients- A Cross Sectional Study
Mayank Kumar Parakh, Anand Kasi, Vignesh Ayyappan, Prabhu Subramani
Current Diabetes Reviews  vol: 16  issue: 2  first page: 156  year: 2020  
doi: 10.2174/1573399815666190502112603