Original Research

A frequency analysis of cone characteristics for the different stages of keratoconus

Alvin J. Munsamy, Vanessa R. Moodley, Priyadeshni Naidoo, Tendayi R. Mangwarara, Radeeyah Abdullah, Darushen Govender, Phikolethu Dlamini
African Vision and Eye Health | Vol 74, No 1 | a302 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/aveh.v74i1.302 | © 2015 Alvin J. Munsamy, Vanessa R. Moodley, Priyadeshni Naidoo, Tendayi R. Mangwarara, Radeeyah Abdullah, Darushen Govender, Phikolethu Dlamini | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 05 March 2015 | Published: 19 August 2015

About the author(s)

Alvin J. Munsamy, Discipline of Optometry, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Westville Campus, South Africa
Vanessa R. Moodley, Discipline of Optometry, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Westville Campus, South Africa
Priyadeshni Naidoo, Discipline of Optometry, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Westville Campus, South Africa
Tendayi R. Mangwarara, Discipline of Optometry, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Westville Campus, South Africa
Radeeyah Abdullah, Discipline of Optometry, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Westville Campus, South Africa
Darushen Govender, Discipline of Optometry, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Westville Campus, South Africa
Phikolethu Dlamini, Discipline of Optometry, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Westville Campus, South Africa


Share this article

Bookmark and Share

Abstract

Background: The stages of keratoconus can be classified according to the degree of corneal conicity as either early or advanced, or morphologically by the shape of the cone. Knowledge of the different cone characteristics for the different stages of keratoconus may assist practitioners in diagnosing and managing these patients.

Aim: To describe the cone characteristics for the different stages of keratoconus.

Methods: In this retrospective study, a sample of 190 eyes from 106 cases of previously diagnosed keratoconic patients was analysed. The stage of keratoconus and cone characteristics, namely: cone location, cone decentration, morphology, and topographical patterns were analysed using an Oculus 3M corneal topographer.

Results: Our study revealed that for all stages of keratoconus centrally located cones were the most frequent, with corneal apical decentration between 0 mm and 2 mm. Frequency analysis revealed that nipple cones were most frequent in all stages. Topographical pattern frequencies revealed a wide distribution amongst the different corneal patterns in all stages of keratoconus.

Conclusion: Cone analysis should be of consideration to the contact lens practitioner when deciding on management of the condition. It additionally serves to compliment the clinical signs such as nerve visibility, Fleischer’s ring, Vogt’s striae and corneal scarring.

Keywords

keratoconus;cone characteristics; cone apex; cone morphology;cone topographical patterns

Metrics

Total abstract views: 3691
Total article views: 8723

 

Crossref Citations

1. A correlation analysis of cone characteristics and central keratometric readings for the different stages of keratoconus
AlvinJeffrey Munsamy, VanessaRacquel Moodley
Indian Journal of Ophthalmology  vol: 65  issue: 1  first page: 7  year: 2017  
doi: 10.4103/ijo.IJO_980_15