Original Research

Demographic characteristics and inci-dence of ocular disease in patients at Shahid Rahnemoon Hospital (Yazd, Iran)

M.R. Besharati, M.R. Manaviat, S.A.M. Miratashi, M.R. Shoja
African Vision and Eye Health | South African Optometrist: Vol 64, No 2 | a219 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/aveh.v64i2.219 | © 2005 M.R. Besharati, M.R. Manaviat, S.A.M. Miratashi, M.R. Shoja | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 19 December 2005 | Published: 19 December 2005

About the author(s)

M.R. Besharati, Ophthalmology Department, Shahid Sadoughi Medical University, Yazd, Iran Correspondence to: MR Besharati, Razi Medical Building, Taleghani Boul, Yazd, Iran, South Africa
M.R. Manaviat, Ophthalmology Department, Shahid Sadoughi Medical University, Yazd, Iran Correspondence to: MR Besharati, Razi Medical Building, Taleghani Boul, Yazd, Iran, South Africa
S.A.M. Miratashi, Ophthalmology Department, Shahid Sadoughi Medical University, Yazd, Iran Correspondence to: MR Besharati, Razi Medical Building, Taleghani Boul, Yazd, Iran, South Africa
M.R. Shoja, Ophthalmology Department, Shahid Sadoughi Medical University, Yazd, Iran Correspondence to: MR Besharati, Razi Medical Building, Taleghani Boul, Yazd, Iran, South Africa

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Abstract

The type and frequency of diseases in a com-munity represents genetic structure, nutritional status, social health standards, and the cultural traditions of the community. In addition, the different types of disorders that are common in an area are directly or indirectly under environ-mental effects. The epidemiological information of these disorders is important when developing health services programs and influences the way medical services are offered.The aim of the present study was to determine the epidemiology and frequency of ocular diseas-es in patients referred to the Ophthalmic Clinic of Shahid Rahnemoon Hospital, Yazd, Iran. A cross sectional descriptive study was done by means of a questionnaire and statistical analysis on the data collected. A total number of 994 patients were surveyed and more than 70 types of disorders were diagnosed. The disorders were classified into 15 main groups. The most commonly detect-ed conditions in the patients were refractive errors and conjunctival diseases (16.9% each), followed by disorders of the lens (12.7%), retinal diseases (11.9%), eye traumas (11.9%), eyelid disorders (7.3%) and glaucoma (5.2%). The majority of the patients were more than 40 years old. Regarding their education, most of them were illiterate. Most of the patients were housewives. Our results showed that the majority of the patients were liv-ing in urban areas. An association of diabetes and hypertension was seen more with retinal disease than with other conditions.

Keywords

Epidemiology, ocular diseases, medical services

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